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Extra Credit Option
Due Date: 6/11/2014
Subject: US History

US History

Extra Credit Assignment

“Oh, that nefarious Mr. P, diabolical mastermind that he is, has managed to put me and my grade in dire straits!” Oh, really? Well, nefarious or not, I’m giving you an opportunity to give a healthy shot in the arm to your current GPA in this class…but it will require a good deal of effort on your part (more than what got you a poor GPA, in other words). No, this assignment isn’t for the meek of heart; but, should you decide to do it, and do it well, you’ll be rewarded with a nice boost to your grade.

Unfortunately, the effort required of you will be artistic in nature. Still, you should have enough time to complete the assignment even if you’re not Rembrandt. And now, the nitty gritty of the matter:

Your task is to choose ONE of the following four options:

                On a standard-sized (that’s 2’x 3’) piece of plain white poster board:

·     Draw the complete battle plans for a significant battle during the period covered in this course (yes, that’s all the way from the Civil War period up until the Gulf War, but I suggest you stick with either the Civil War or World War II). By complete, I mean you’ll have to label Army groups (and their commanders) and Corps groups (and, if appropriate, Brigade and Division groups) as well as their movements and the major landscape features on which the battle was fought (i.e. rivers, mountains, valleys, cities, forests, etc.) If you need to know how the final product ought to look, scour the Internet – one decent site I found is www.onwar.com.

·     Draw a replica (and I do mean a replica) of a propaganda poster from WWII. You’ll need to get the particular design approved by me (to ensure it’s a worthy poster to replicate and that there’s no redundancy (I don’t want to get ten of the same poster)) but finding designs should not be difficult at all – again, just scour the Internet. By searching for “wwii propaganda posters,” I found three good sites: www.propagandaposters.us, www.archives.gov (the NARA “Powers of Persuasion” exhibit) and a very good collection of posters from Northwestern University. Without breaking a sweat, you’ll be able to find even more.

·     The same thing as the second option, but with respect to The First World War, aka The Great War, aka World War One, aka The War to End All Wars. Two of the better websites (but certainly not the only ones you can use) are www.firstworldwar.com/posters/index.htm and www.worldwar1.com/posters.htm. Again, you’ll need to draw a bona fide replica and get the design approved by me prior to starting your work.

·     For those who are particularly artistic, you may reproduce a print ad that appeared at any point from the “Roaring 20s” to the present. Examples per decade are no more than an Internet search away. Obviously, some of these print ads are rooted in the social mores of the time, and some of you may object to their being sexist, or find them objectionable because of their content, as could be the case with the print ads for tobacco or alcohol products. If you do find such content objectionable, my suggestion is simply that you use one of the above three options, instead. At any rate, if you do choose this option, your choice of advertisement will NOT be assumed to be an endorsement, tacit or otherwise, of the product featured therein. This option can and should be a fun look at the values of yesteryear, while stretching your artistic abilities to the utmost. As with the other options, you MUST get each design approved by me prior to beginning your work. If you don’t do this, your work will not be accepted for credit.

     This assignment is due on or by 21 May 2014. DO NOT FOCUS on this optional assignment in lieu of preparing for the US History End of Course Exam!



Practice Midterm Key
Due Date: 6/11/2014
Subject: US History
DO NOT LOOK AT THIS KEY UNLESS YOU HAVE TAKEN THE PRACTICE EXAM.

US History

Practice Midterm Exam - Key

1.       Reconstruction caused most Southern voters to

a.       Withdraw from the political process

b.      Support the Progressive Party

c.       Support the Republican Party

d.      Support the Democrat Party

 2.       President Andrew Johnson was impeached for

a.       Illegal fundraising

b.      Firing his secretary of war

c.       Refusing to sign the Fourteenth Amendment

d.      Taking military control of the South

 3.       During the second half of the 1800s, hundreds of thousands of Americans and immigrants moved to

a.       The northern Great Plains

b.      California

c.       Oklahoma

d.      All of the above

 4.       Which of the statements below was not an effect of the westward movement of the second half of the 1800s?

a.       Trade among the different regions of the United States increased

b.      Wars with Native Americans began

c.       The population of western territories and states grew

d.      The Civil War began

 5.       A new process for making which of the following metals transformed US industry?

a.       Iron

b.      Steel

c.       Copper

d.      Platinum

 6.       Which of the following statements is not a way in which railroads helped transform the US?

a.       They promoted trade

b.      They provided jobs

c.       They eliminated the need for canals and seaports

d.      They sped up settlement of the West

 7.       How did the wave of immigration that began in 1880 contribute to diversity in the US?

a.       Most of the immigrants were from Latin America, so they contributed to cultural diversity

b.      Most of the immigrants were from China, so they contributed to racial diversity

c.       Few of the immigrants were poor, so they contributed to economic diversity

d.      Few of the immigrants were Protestants, so they contributed to religious diversity

 8.       Many Russian Jews came to the United States to escape

a.       Religious persecution

b.      Severe famine

c.       Economic exploitation

d.      Severe weather

 9.       How did settlement houses help immigrants?

a.       By providing a place to live

b.      By establishing churches and synagogues

c.       By helping them keep their cultures alive and build a sense of community

d.      By providing services such as English language and job-training courses

 10.   How did immigrants who came to the US from 1880 to 1910 differ from earlier immigrants?

a.       They were foreign-born

b.      They were mostly from East Asia

c.       They were more diverse in religion and ethnicity

d.      They were more similar in religion and ethnicity

 11.   Why were nativists opposed to many immigrant groups?

a.       They believed that the United States was becoming too crowded

b.      They believed that immigrants were a threat to their way of life

c.       They believed that many male immigrants had more than one wife

d.      They believed that immigrants could not pass literacy tests

 12.   Technological and industrial advancements in the late 1800s led to which of the following?

a.       The formation of large mining companies

b.      The spread of cattle ranches across the Great Plains

c.       The creation of bonanza farms on the Great Plains

d.      All of the above

 13.   Which of the following enabled cities in the late 1800s to spread out and become less dense?

a.       The elevator

b.      Mass transit

c.       Improved roads

d.      New building techniques

14.   In the 1800s most unskilled laborers received

a.       Paid vacations

b.      Sundays off

c.       Compensation for accidents on the job

d.      Sick leave

 15.   What did the Pendleton Civil Service Act do?

a.       It required the promotions of federal employees be based on merit, not on political connections

b.      It required the inspection of meat and certain other types of food to make sure the food was clean and safe

c.       It required federal supervision of elections in New York City

d.      It established a number of national parks

 16.   How were the Credit Mobilier and the Whiskey Ring scandals similar?

a.       Both involved accusations of rigged elections

b.      Both were conspiracies by private businesses and government officials to steal taxpayers' money

c.       Both were planned by Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed

d.      Both led to the impeachment of US presidents

 17.   The Interstate Commerce Act helped farmers by

a.       Charging a tariff on goods that moved from state to state

b.      Building interstate highways that could be used to ship grain

c.       Regulating the amount grain elevator operators could charge

d.      Stopping the railroads from overcharging them for shipping

 18.   What did the leaders of political machines expect in return for helping immigrants?

a.       Money

b.      A steady supply of coal in winter

c.       Turkeys for holiday dinners

d.      Votes and help in rallying community support

 19.   Which of the following was not one of the ways that electricity changed Americans' daily lives in the late 1800s?

a.       Electric airplanes allowed Americans to travel rapidly across the country

b.      Electric lights lit American homes, businesses, and streets

c.       Electric streetcars became a key part of public transportation systems in American cities

d.      Electricity allowed for instant communication through the telegraph and telephone

 20.   Americans living in Hawaii wanted it to become part of the United States mainly so they could

a.       Elect a democratic governor of Hawaii

b.      Export sugar to the United States without tariffs

c.       Escape the prejudice of Hawaiians against Americans

d.      Employ recent immigrants to the United States on their sugar plantations

 21.   The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that

a.       The United States would use military force to keep European nations from seizing territory in Latin America

b.      The United States would not interfere with any other nation's activities in Latin America

c.       It was the destiny of the United States to control all of Latin America

d.      The United States would only interfere in Latin American countries run by dictators

 22.   What did a treat with newly independent Panama give the United States?

a.       The Panama Canal

b.      Complete sovereignty over a ten-mile wide canal zone

c.       Colombia

d.      Malaria

 23.   During a time of imperialist expansion in the late 1800s, the US annexed all of the following but

a.      Cuba

b.      Hawaii

c.      The Philippines

d.      Puerto Rico

 24.   Why did the United States want to control the Philippines?

a.       They were important economically

b.      They were important strategically

c.       The United States wanted to keep them out of the hands of other nations

d.      All of the above

 25.   When the United States annexed the Philippines, Filipinos

a.       Immigrated in large numbers to the United States

b.      Voted immediately for a governor

c.       Took up arms against the United States

d.      Held a week-long celebration

 26.   Progressives wanted to do all of the following except

a.       Address social problems created by industrialization

b.      Enforce the separation of church and state

c.       Pass child labor laws

d.      Fight prejudice in society

27.   How did muckrakers like Upton Sinclair affect the United States?

a.       President Theodore Roosevelt ignored Sinclair's writings

b.      Americans refused to buy meat that had been processed in the United States

c.       The federal government passed a law requiring meatpackers to publicly acknowledge the conditions in meatpacking plants

d.      Sinclair's novel led to an investigation of the meatpacking industry and the passage of important consumer protection laws

 28.   Ida Tarbell wrote a report in McClure's Magazine criticizing

a.       Standard Oil Company's business practices

b.      The exploitation of child labor

c.       Monopolistic railroads

d.      The corruption of city governments

 29.   In 1872, after Susan B. Anthony and her sisters registered and voted in a congressional election, they were

a.       Thrown out of the American Woman Suffrage Movement

b.      Asked to draft an amendment granting women the right to vote

c.       Arrested and tried

d.      Attacked by angry crowds

 30.   Which statement best describes the results of the campaign for women's suffrage?

a.       First the Nineteenth Amendment gave American women the vote, then states followed the federal government's lead

b.      First states granted women the vote, then the Nineteenth Amendment gave all American women the right to vote

c.       President Woodrow Wilson led the struggle for women's suffrage

d.      The Sixteenth Amendment granted American women the vote

 31.   Why did events like the sinking of the Lusitania lead to American involvement in World War I?

a.       The Lusitania was an American warship that was attacked by the British navy

b.      The Lusitania was a neutral ship attacked by a German submarine, killing US civilians

c.       The Lusitania was an American warship that attacked a German submarine

d.      The Lusitania was a British warship that attacked neutral American ships

 32.   At the beginning of World War I, why did American businesses do more business with the Allies than with Germany?

a.       Most American businesses refused to trade with Germany on moral grounds

b.      Germany severely restricted the amount of US goods allowed into the country

c.       The US had already decided to enter the war on the side of the Allies

d.      The British had blocked trade routes to Germany, making it difficult for Americans to sell to Germany

33.   Which of the following nations were members of the Central Powers?

a.       Germany, Italy, and Japan

b.      Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire

c.       France, Great Britain, and Russia

d.      Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, and the United States

 34.   In what way did the radio change popular culture during the 1920s?

a.       Americans stopped going to the movies when they had radios in their homes

b.      Americans stopped reading newspapers and magazines because they could get their news from the radio

c.       It allowed Americans to speak to people in foreign countries

d.      It allowed Americans to listen to the same news and the same music and helped create a shared popular culture

 35.   The rise of fundamentalism in the United States during the 1920s mostly involved

a.       People living in rural areas

b.      New immigrants

c.       People living in urban areas

d.      African-Americans

 36.   Which of the following was an outcome of the Scopes trial?

a.       Scopes was convicted

b.      The Tennessee law Scopes had challenged was repealed

c.       Other states rushed to pass laws against teaching evolution

d.      All controversy about teaching evolution in schools was settled

 37.   What technological advance helped movies become very popular in the 1920s?

a.       The development of movies with sound

b.      The invention of radio

c.       The invention of mass culture

d.      The advertising of movies in newspapers and magazines

 38.   How did Henry Ford change American industry?

a.       His assembly line system allowed his factories to produce cars faster and more cheaply

b.      He arranged for all of his workers to move to the new suburbs

c.       He bought parts for his cars from other manufacturers

d.      He assigned workers to perform several different tasks from the same spot on the assembly line

 39.   When I was a young Tennessee state legislator, my vote helped Tennessee become the crucial 36th state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment and give women the right to vote. Who am i?

a.       Albert Roberts

b.      Andrew Jackson

c.       Albert Gore, Sr.

d.      Harry Burn

 40.   Which of the following did not help bring about the Great Depression?

a.       Bank failures

b.      High unemployment

c.       Strong economies in foreign countries

d.      High debt and margin loans

 41.   How did high tariffs make the Depression worse?

a.       They encouraged international trade

b.      They caused banks to make bad loans

c.       Banks could not borrow money

d.      They prevented international trade

 42.   Consumers who bought on installment

a.       Took out a bank loan to purchase the item, then paid the bank in installments

b.      Paid a lower price to use the item for a specified period of time

c.       Made small payments until they had paid the purchase price, then received the item

d.      Took the item home and made small payments until the item was paid off

 43.   The practice of buying stocks on margin worked only so long as investors

a.       Paid at least 50 percent of the stock's value up front

b.      Used honest stockbrokers

c.       Sold their stocks at a profit

d.      Initiated frequent margin calls

 44.   An American who wanted to remain neutral in World War I because of a longstanding American policy of not being involved in the affairs of other nations was known as a[n]

a.       Neutralist

b.      Pacifist

c.       Isolationist

d.      Interventionist

 45.   Many Americans in the 1920s and 1930s opposed US involvement in foreign wars because they

a.       Did not want other nations to grow to depend on the United States

b.      Thought war was wrong

c.       Did not think the US economy could support a war

d.      Thought World War I had cost too much and achieved too little

 46.   Which of the following was not a cause of World War II?

a.       Worldwide economic difficulties

b.      The harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles

c.       American imperialism

d.      The failure of the League of Nations

 47.   Which statement best summarizes American policy in 1939?

a.       The US government supported the rise of dictators in Italy, Germany, and Japan

b.      While sympathizing with Germany, the US government tried to avoid involvement

c.       While sympathizing with Great Britain, the US government tried to avoid involvement

d.      The US government hoped that Germany would defeat Japan and remove that source of tension

 48.   Hoovervilles were

a.       Assistance centers run by the federal government

b.      Temporary quarters built by companies to house workers

c.       Communities where poor working immigrants lived

d.      Shantytowns built by poor Americans

 49.   Which statement best summarizes Franklin Delano Roosevelt's ideas about government?

a.       The federal government should be weaker than state governments

b.      The federal government should own all businesses

c.       The government should have a greater role in the lives of Americans

d.      The government should have a smaller role in the lives of Americans

 50.   In creating his New Deal programs, President Roosevelt was accused of

a.       Seizing too much power for the judicial branch

b.      Destroying socialism and promoting capitalism

c.       Not addressing the causes of the stock market crash of 1929

d.      Violating the Constitution



Practice Midterm Exam
Due Date: 6/11/2014
Subject: US History

US History

Practice Midterm Exam

1.       Reconstruction caused most Southern voters to

a.       Withdraw from the political process

b.      Support the Progressive Party

c.       Support the Republican Party

d.      Support the Democrat Party

 2.       President Andrew Johnson was impeached for

a.       Illegal fundraising

b.      Firing his secretary of war

c.       Refusing to sign the Fourteenth Amendment

d.      Taking military control of the South

 3.       During the second half of the 1800s, hundreds of thousands of Americans and immigrants moved to

a.       The northern Great Plains

b.      California

c.       Oklahoma

d.      All of the above

 4.       Which of the statements below was not an effect of the westward movement of the second half of the 1800s?

a.       Trade among the different regions of the United States increased

b.      Wars with Native Americans began

c.       The population of western territories and states grew

d.      The Civil War began

 5.       A new process for making which of the following metals transformed US industry?

a.       Iron

b.      Steel

c.       Copper

d.      Platinum

 6.       Which of the following statements is not a way in which railroads helped transform the US?

a.       They promoted trade

b.      They provided jobs

c.       They eliminated the need for canals and seaports

d.      They sped up settlement of the West

 7.       How did the wave of immigration that began in 1880 contribute to diversity in the US?

a.       Most of the immigrants were from Latin America, so they contributed to cultural diversity

b.      Most of the immigrants were from China, so they contributed to racial diversity

c.       Few of the immigrants were poor, so they contributed to economic diversity

d.      Few of the immigrants were Protestants, so they contributed to religious diversity

 8.       Many Russian Jews came to the United States to escape

a.       Religious persecution

b.      Severe famine

c.       Economic exploitation

d.      Severe weather

 9.       How did settlement houses help immigrants?

a.       By providing a place to live

b.      By establishing churches and synagogues

c.       By helping them keep their cultures alive and build a sense of community

d.      By providing services such as English language and job-training courses

 10.   How did immigrants who came to the US from 1880 to 1910 differ from earlier immigrants?

a.       They were foreign-born

b.      They were mostly from East Asia

c.       They were more diverse in religion and ethnicity

d.      They were more similar in religion and ethnicity

 11.   Why were nativists opposed to many immigrant groups?

a.       They believed that the United States was becoming too crowded

b.      They believed that immigrants were a threat to their way of life

c.       They believed that many male immigrants had more than one wife

d.      They believed that immigrants could not pass literacy tests

 12.   Technological and industrial advancements in the late 1800s led to which of the following?

a.       The formation of large mining companies

b.      The spread of cattle ranches across the Great Plains

c.       The creation of bonanza farms on the Great Plains

d.      All of the above

 13.   Which of the following enabled cities in the late 1800s to spread out and become less dense?

a.       The elevator

b.      Mass transit

c.       Improved roads

d.      New building techniques

14.   In the 1800s most unskilled laborers received

a.       Paid vacations

b.      Sundays off

c.       Compensation for accidents on the job

d.      Sick leave

 15.   What did the Pendleton Civil Service Act do?

a.       It required the promotions of federal employees be based on merit, not on political connections

b.      It required the inspection of meat and certain other types of food to make sure the food was clean and safe

c.       It required federal supervision of elections in New York City

d.      It established a number of national parks

 16.   How were the Credit Mobilier and the Whiskey Ring scandals similar?

a.       Both involved accusations of rigged elections

b.      Both were conspiracies by private businesses and government officials to steal taxpayers' money

c.       Both were planned by Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed

d.      Both led to the impeachment of US presidents

 17.   The Interstate Commerce Act helped farmers by

a.       Charging a tariff on goods that moved from state to state

b.      Building interstate highways that could be used to ship grain

c.       Regulating the amount grain elevator operators could charge

d.      Stopping the railroads from overcharging them for shipping

 18.   What did the leaders of political machines expect in return for helping immigrants?

a.       Money

b.      A steady supply of coal in winter

c.       Turkeys for holiday dinners

d.      Votes and help in rallying community support

 19.   Which of the following was not one of the ways that electricity changed Americans' daily lives in the late 1800s?

a.       Electric airplanes allowed Americans to travel rapidly across the country

b.      Electric lights lit American homes, businesses, and streets

c.       Electric streetcars became a key part of public transportation systems in American cities

d.      Electricity allowed for instant communication through the telegraph and telephone

 20.   Americans living in Hawaii wanted it to become part of the United States mainly so they could

a.       Elect a democratic governor of Hawaii

b.      Export sugar to the United States without tariffs

c.       Escape the prejudice of Hawaiians against Americans

d.      Employ recent immigrants to the United States on their sugar plantations

 21.   The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that

a.       The United States would use military force to keep European nations from seizing territory in Latin America

b.      The United States would not interfere with any other nation's activities in Latin America

c.       It was the destiny of the United States to control all of Latin America

d.      The United States would only interfere in Latin American countries run by dictators

 22.   What did a treat with newly independent Panama give the United States?

a.       The Panama Canal

b.      Complete sovereignty over a ten-mile wide canal zone

c.       Colombia

d.      Malaria

 23.   During a time of imperialist expansion in the late 1800s, the US annexed all of the following but

a.       Cuba

b.      Hawaii

c.       The Philippines

d.      Puerto Rico

 24.   Why did the United States want to control the Philippines?

a.       They were important economically

b.      They were important strategically

c.       The United States wanted to keep them out of the hands of other nations

d.      All of the above

 25.   When the United States annexed the Philippines, Filipinos

a.       Immigrated in large numbers to the United States

b.      Voted immediately for a governor

c.       Took up arms against the United States

d.      Held a week-long celebration

 26.   Progressives wanted to do all of the following except

a.       Address social problems created by industrialization

b.      Enforce the separation of church and state

c.       Pass child labor laws

d.      Fight prejudice in society

27.   How did muckrakers like Upton Sinclair affect the United States?

a.       President Theodore Roosevelt ignored Sinclair's writings

b.      Americans refused to buy meat that had been processed in the United States

c.       The federal government passed a law requiring meatpackers to publicly acknowledge the conditions in meatpacking plants

d.      Sinclair's novel led to an investigation of the meatpacking industry and the passage of important consumer protection laws

 28.   Ida Tarbell wrote a report in McClure's Magazine criticizing

a.       Standard Oil Company's business practices

b.      The exploitation of child labor

c.       Monopolistic railroads

d.      The corruption of city governments

 29.   In 1872, after Susan B. Anthony and her sisters registered and voted in a congressional election, they were

a.       Thrown out of the American Woman Suffrage Movement

b.      Asked to draft an amendment granting women the right to vote

c.       Arrested and tried

d.      Attacked by angry crowds

 30.   Which statement best describes the results of the campaign for women's suffrage?

a.       First the Nineteenth Amendment gave American women the vote, then states followed the federal government's lead

b.      First states granted women the vote, then the Nineteenth Amendment gave all American women the right to vote

c.       President Woodrow Wilson led the struggle for women's suffrage

d.      The Sixteenth Amendment granted American women the vote

 31.   Why did events like the sinking of the Lusitania lead to American involvement in World War I?

a.       The Lusitania was an American warship that was attacked by the British navy

b.      The Lusitania was a neutral ship attacked by a German submarine, killing US civilians

c.       The Lusitania was an American warship that attacked a German submarine

d.      The Lusitania was a British warship that attacked neutral American ships

 32.   At the beginning of World War I, why did American businesses do more business with the Allies than with Germany?

a.       Most American businesses refused to trade with Germany on moral grounds

b.      Germany severely restricted the amount of US goods allowed into the country

c.       The US had already decided to enter the war on the side of the Allies

d.      The British had blocked trade routes to Germany, making it difficult for Americans to sell to Germany

33.   Which of the following nations were members of the Central Powers?

a.       Germany, Italy, and Japan

b.      Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire

c.       France, Great Britain, and Russia

d.      Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, and the United States

 34.   In what way did the radio change popular culture during the 1920s?

a.       Americans stopped going to the movies when they had radios in their homes

b.      Americans stopped reading newspapers and magazines because they could get their news from the radio

c.       It allowed Americans to speak to people in foreign countries

d.      It allowed Americans to listen to the same news and the same music and helped create a shared popular culture

 35.   The rise of fundamentalism in the United States during the 1920s mostly involved

a.       People living in rural areas

b.      New immigrants

c.       People living in urban areas

d.      African-Americans

 36.   Which of the following was an outcome of the Scopes trial?

a.       Scopes was convicted

b.      The Tennessee law Scopes had challenged was repealed

c.       Other states rushed to pass laws against teaching evolution

d.      All controversy about teaching evolution in schools was settled

 37.   What technological advance helped movies become very popular in the 1920s?

a.       The development of movies with sound

b.      The invention of radio

c.       The invention of mass culture

d.      The advertising of movies in newspapers and magazines

 38.   How did Henry Ford change American industry?

a.       His assembly line system allowed his factories to produce cars faster and more cheaply

b.      He arranged for all of his workers to move to the new suburbs

c.       He bought parts for his cars from other manufacturers

d.      He assigned workers to perform several different tasks from the same spot on the assembly line

 39.   When I was a young Tennessee state legislator, my vote helped Tennessee become the crucial 36th state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment and give women the right to vote. Who am i?

a.       Albert Roberts

b.      Andrew Jackson

c.       Albert Gore, Sr.

d.      Harry Burn

 40.   Which of the following did not help bring about the Great Depression?

a.       Bank failures

b.      High unemployment

c.       Strong economies in foreign countries

d.      High debt and margin loans

 41.   How did high tariffs make the Depression worse?

a.       They encouraged international trade

b.      They caused banks to make bad loans

c.       Banks could not borrow money

d.      They prevented international trade

 42.   Consumers who bought on installment

a.       Took out a bank loan to purchase the item, then paid the bank in installments

b.      Paid a lower price to use the item for a specified period of time

c.       Made small payments until they had paid the purchase price, then received the item

d.      Took the item home and made small payments until the item was paid off

 43.   The practice of buying stocks on margin worked only so long as investors

a.       Paid at least 50 percent of the stock's value up front

b.      Used honest stockbrokers

c.       Sold their stocks at a profit

d.      Initiated frequent margin calls

 44.   An American who wanted to remain neutral in World War I because of a longstanding American policy of not being involved in the affairs of other nations was known as a[n]

a.       Neutralist

b.      Pacifist

c.       Isolationist

d.      Interventionist

 45.   Many Americans in the 1920s and 1930s opposed US involvement in foreign wars because they

a.       Did not want other nations to grow to depend on the United States

b.      Thought war was wrong

c.       Did not think the US economy could support a war

d.      Thought World War I had cost too much and achieved too little

 46.   Which of the following was not a cause of World War II?

a.       Worldwide economic difficulties

b.      The harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles

c.       American imperialism

d.      The failure of the League of Nations

 47.   Which statement best summarizes American policy in 1939?

a.       The US government supported the rise of dictators in Italy, Germany, and Japan

b.      While sympathizing with Germany, the US government tried to avoid involvement

c.       While sympathizing with Great Britain, the US government tried to avoid involvement

d.      The US government hoped that Germany would defeat Japan and remove that source of tension

 48.   Hoovervilles were

a.       Assistance centers run by the federal government

b.      Temporary quarters built by companies to house workers

c.       Communities where poor working immigrants lived

d.      Shantytowns built by poor Americans

 49.   Which statement best summarizes Franklin Delano Roosevelt's ideas about government?

a.       The federal government should be weaker than state governments

b.      The federal government should own all businesses

c.       The government should have a greater role in the lives of Americans

d.      The government should have a smaller role in the lives of Americans

 50.   In creating his New Deal programs, President Roosevelt was accused of

a.       Seizing too much power for the judicial branch

b.      Destroying socialism and promoting capitalism

c.       Not addressing the causes of the stock market crash of 1929

d.      Violating the Constitution